How often should I clean the bottom of my bird’s cage? What should I use to line it?

Change the cage papers daily. You can use newspaper, paper towels, brown paper from paper bags, newsprint or even wax paper.

By doing daily changes, you can evaluate the droppings both in quantity and quality. They should be the same every day. If not, your bird may be having a medical problem and should be checked by your avian veterinarian.

Answered by Cathy Johnson-Delaney, DVM, Dipl. ABVP-Avian Practice, Dipl. ABVP-Exotic Companion Mammals. 


  1. I purchase organic nesting materials for my flock so they can use them both for building and as a substrate on their cage floor. It also encourages them to forage & get much-needed flat-footed time. It also comes in handy during the breeding season so babies have a soft landing below them. You can find the supplies I use at Lady Gouldian:

    They really enjoy the Premium & Super Premium Mixes, but some of their favorite materials include: Bermuda Grass, Cocofiber, Jute, Sisal, Horse Hair, & Cotton. The boxed materials at pet stores are often old, brittle and itchy. If you notice your birds are building and need to give them something temporarily until you can purchase better/more nesting materials, you can use the cotton tips of Q-tips, shredded paper, un-treated human head hair (without any products such as leave-in conditioner/hair spray/etc.), or hay.

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